2016考研英语:搭配记忆法巧解英译汉

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

  ②单亲家庭或者父母都要上班的家庭越来越多,这样一来,家庭对孩子的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。

  我们之前说过,复习考研[微博]英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016的考生更深刻地领会“搭配记忆”法。

  【翻译练习】

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional
familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

  【相关真题】

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

  【高频考点】

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

  “搭配记忆法”对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

  4.增加可能性:increasethe probability

  7.犯罪的行为:offensiveacts

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

  来源:文都教育

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

  【参考译文】

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses