2015考研复试英语之听力小技巧

  3.完成时是时态测试的重点,注意与完成时连用的句型和时间状语:

  (2)by +将来时间、by the time/ when
+谓语动词是一般现在时的从句,主句用将来完成时。如:

  (6)其他与完成时连用的时间状语:all this while, all this year, for
some time, so far, already, before, just, long, yet等。

  (2)表示意愿、情感的动词:desire, dislike, forgive, hate, like, love,
prefer, refuse, want, wish, fear, love, hate;

  The company has been promising a rise in salary for ages, but
nothing has happened。

  比较:I’ll tell him when you ring
again。你再打电话时我告诉他。(状语从句)

  (3)by now、since +过去时间、in/during/for/over/the past/last
few(或具体数字)years/days/months,主句用现在完成时, 但在it is
+具体时间since/before这一句型中,主句更多的时候不用完成时。如:

  I’ll tell him when you will ring again.
我告诉他你什么时候再来电话。(宾语从句)

  (3)be to (do)表示安排、计划、决定、命令或注定要发生的事,如:

  It isn’t the first time that I have found myself in an embarrassing
situation。

  (2)根据谓语动词与句子主语或非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关系,确定句子是主动语态还是被动语态。

  (4)表示所有、占有的动词:belong to, owe, own, possess, hold(容纳);

  文章来源:跨考教育

  See to it that you include in the paper whatever questions they
didn’t know the answer to last time。

  (1)be going to表示现在的打算和意图;

  (6)be, begin, come, depart, get off, go, leave, return,
start的一般现在时表示按日历或时刻表要发生的将来动作或事件,如:

  I’d say whenever you are going after something that is belonging to
you, anyone who is depriving you of the right to have it is criminal。

  I hope her health will have improved greatly by the time we come
back next year。

  (5)在no sooner…than…,
hardly/scarcely…when/before…句型中,主句常用过去完成时。

  We had just had our breakfast when an old man came to the door。

  (8)在make sure, make certain, see (to it)
后的that从句中,谓语动词用一般现在时代替将来时,如:

  If you want your film to be properly processed, you’ll have to wait
and pick it up on Friday, which is the day after tomorrow。

  It is four years since John left school。

  一、步骤

  (1)by/between/up to/till +过去时间、since、by the time/when
+表示过去发生情况的从句,主句用过去完成时。如:

  By the time you arrive in London, we will have stayed in Europe for
two weeks。

  Between 1897 and 1919 at least 29 motion pictures in which
artificial beings were portrayed had been produced。

  (1997年考研[微博]题,
belong表示归属,不用于进行式)

  时态和语态对于听力解题至关重要,听清了、理解了听力材料的时态,看清了题干和选项的语态能够迅速解题。以下,跨考教育[微博]英语教研室的老师们为大家整理了具体的答题思路。

  (5)其他动词:cost, appear, concern, contain, consist, deserve,
matter, seem。

  (3)表示思考、看法的动词:believe, doubt, expect, forget, hope, feel,
mean, know, agree, realize, mind, recall, recollect, remember, trust,
suppose;

  (2)arrive, come, drive, go, leave, retire, return, set off, start,
take off等表示移位的动词的进行体表示按计划肯定要发生的将来动作;

  (4)be about to (do)表示将要(做),如:

  I don’t know where he will go tomorrow.
我不知道他明天去哪儿。(宾语从句)

  The changes that howe taken place place in air travel during the
last sixty years would have seemed completely impossible to even the
most brilliant scientists at the turn of the 19th century。

  1.以下几类动词一般不能用于进行时,同样不用于完成进行时:

  2. 不用will/shall表达将来时的形式:

  Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about to
pay compliments to his political leaders。

  (1)表示感知的动词:hear, feel, notice, recognize, see, taste, smell;

  (include 不能用will include或其他形式)

  (画线部分一般不用will be)

  Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if
food shortage is to be avoided。

  (1990年考研题,see表示结果,不用于进行式)

  (5)be on the point /verge of
(doing)表示“马上就要”,一般不与表示将来的时间状语连用;

  (7)在时间、条件、让步从句中,一般现在时代替将来时,但要注意区别从句的类型,如:

  如:

  (4)在It is the
+序数词/形容词最高级+that的定语从句中,谓语动词常用现在完成时。如:

  (表示1919年时已发生的情况)

  (1)先根据选项的区别点确定考题要点为时态,然后回到题句中寻找给出的或暗示的时间状语,缩小选择范围,进而选出正确答案;

  二、要点

  He was seeing somebody creeping into the house through the open
window last night。

  4.完成进行时指动作在完成时的基础上还要继续下去。如:

  The school board listened quietly as John read the demand that his
followers had been demonstrating for。