2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读解析:

  Section C

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is
followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them
there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should
decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer
sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Passage One

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  46。 Living in an urban area with
green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental
well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a
green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or
promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew
White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study
showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs
of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he
said, “for example, 47。 people do many
things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay
rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things
is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original
baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable;
they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some
lottery  winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was
definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to
the baseline。”

  48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted
to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive
effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also
disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used
data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of
Essex。

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that
even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike
many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green
spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated
better。

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban
green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White
said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the
trouble is who funds it。 50。 what we
really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come
from to help support good quality local green spaces。”

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

  47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves
happier?

  A) Earn more money。 C) Gain fame and popularity。

  B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。

  48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener
urban area?

  A) How it affects different people。 C) How long its positive
effect lasts。

金沙手机网投,  B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people
physically。

  49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a
green environment?

  A) Their stress was more apparent than real。

  B) Their decisions required less deliberation。

  C) Their memories were greatly strengthened。

  D) Their communication with others improved。

  50。 According to Dr。 White, what should the government do to
build more green spaces in cities?

  A) Find financial support。

  B) Improve urban planning。

  C) Involve local residents in the effort。

  D) Raise public awareness of the issue。

  答案:

  46。 B 47。 A 48。 C 49。 D 50。 A

  Passage Two

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one
of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The
Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in
Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class
included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not
know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in
all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, 51.but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous
fates。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in
1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks,
and 52.White Star Line decided to focus on
marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of
naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be
so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on
the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it
was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。
The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg
in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in
1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept
running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship
designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, 53.but the fourth stack was actually just
artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these
ship sank, 54。 they were all designed with double hulls (船体)
believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that
led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to
serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 55。 Eventually, she was taken out of service
in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean
liners。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the
three ships?

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  C) Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  D) The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the
Britannic?

  A) Their unscientific designs。

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  A) She was used to carry troops。

  B) She was sunk in World War I。

  C) She was converted in to a hospital ship。

  D) She was retired after her naval service。

  答案:

  51。 C 52。 B 53。 A 54。 D 55。 D

  来源:新东方

  作者:兰州学校 新东方李逸飞老师